UUttarakhand, previously Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) due to the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. Their state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the biggest city in the region, which is a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier form of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the initial presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period the area was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the location fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal along with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded towards the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of ek dham yatra were traditional rivals, the proximity of numerous neighbouring ethnic groups as well as the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds in between the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood inside the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their place of origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand includes a population of 10,116,752, which makes it the 19th most populous state in India. A sizable part of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. More than 88% from the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being one other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is definitely the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri as well as the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Both of these in addition to Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for that Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site based in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is recognized for the variety and rarity of their flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which can be governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. According to the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each of them having a population well over a million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land in which the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. This has been home to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it to the Ramayana as well as the Mahabharata. The great Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river in the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is also thought to be lokpal, a place existing from your times of Ramayana. It is said that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has been associated with lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment with this place. Additionally it is considered that lakshman meditated by this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even Ganga, that has been an integral part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness because it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself is apparently in deep meditation in these two sacred cities