Many marijuana horticulturists operate a perpetual garden. This implies as soon as one crop is farmed, there is another crop to take its place as well as the grow cycle continues uninterrupted. To be able to have a perpetual garden with no errors, a grower must master the skill of cloning his or her marijuana plants. Cloning is the preferred method of propagation for cannabis cloning expert because it ensures a genetic duplicate of the plant from which the cutting or clone was taken.
Cloning also allows a grower to continuously propagate female plants and seedless female flowers are what most marijuana horticulturists want to grow. It also allows a marijuana grower to continuously grow the very best strains for his or her particular environment. In other words, when a grower finds a plant which includes the desired attributes (top quality, high yielding, etc.), he or she can clone that plant and make an entire garden of this strain. There are a selection of cloning techniques which you can use, but all share the identical goal: to create healthy young plants with established root systems that can be put in the vegetative stage of growth.
Selecting the Mother Plant – Step one a cannabis grower have to take in the cloning process is deciding on a mother plant. Apart from obtaining the desirable qualities which make the grower want to clone it, the mother plant ought to be healthy and free of stresses, diseases, pests and pathogens. The reason being once you clone a plant, the resulting clones can retain any conditions that were affecting the mom plant at the time of cloning. Put one other way, when the grower takes a clone from an unhealthy mother plant, odds are good the clone may also be unhealthy. A great rule of thumb would be to look closely at a mother plant a couple of days before cloning. Make sure to look closely for insect damage, molds or fungi and check the general health of the leaves. Most cannabis growers want to take clones from the mother plant though it may be in their vegetative stage of growth. Clones obtained from a mom plant in the later stages of fruiting or flowering will often lead to lower success rates.
Cloning Marijuana through taking Cuttings – The process of cloning marijuana plants if you take cuttings is rather simple. Cloning if you take cuttings is precisely what it sounds like: a cutting or a section is extracted from the mom plant and that section is transformed into a brand new, individual plant. For the majority of plant varieties, this entails cutting a little section off one of many branches (usually 2-6 inches in size) and placing the cut end in to a clone medium. Unlike other areas of the marijuana garden, cloning doesn’t require plenty of equipment. In fact, many cannabis growers claim a really basic clone set up is the most effective. A simple clone create can include a maximum of a propagation tray, humidity dome, seedling heat mat along with a medium conducive to rooting.
Making the Cut – When taking cuttings, it is recommended to make a 45 degree angle cut just above a node site (where a leaf or branch attaches towards the main stem). After making the cut, the cutting should immediately be dipped in cloning solution or gel and placed to the clone medium.
Although some can be cloned in straight water, many marijuana varieties develop roots faster when positioned in some kind of inert grow medium designed for root development. Stonewool, coco fiber, peat moss, perlite and clay pebbles are examples of inert media that cannabis growers can use to root clones. You can even find some specific clone media products on the market. Some cannabis gardeners choose to put the freshly cut clones in to a light soil mix for rooting. In several ways the medium chosen is personal preference. So long as the medium is able to hold some moisture and supply oxygen towards the developing roots, it must work all right.
Atmospheric Conditions (Temperature and Humidity) – Unstable atmospheric conditions may be the biggest reason for cloning failure by novice growers. A temperature variety of 72-80 degrees F for marijuana clones is generally optimal. If obtaining these conditions within the greenhouse or indoor garden is not possible, it could be necessary to create a specific cloning area elsewhere. Maintaining uheram uniform temperature is probably the single largest contributing factor for cloning success. If the temperature gets too hot, the clones may wilt and die before creating roots. In the event the temperature gets freezing, the clones may enter a state of suspended animation and never create the root systems they should become individual plants. For growers using propagation trays for cloning, seedling heat mats are the most effective tools for maintaining the appropriate temperature.